Examples of Plagiarism | Plagiarism In Different Settings (2022)

Plagiarism involves using someone else’s work without their permission and presenting it as your own original work. This can lead to some severe punishment and legal consequences. Although copying is one of its main forms, plagiarism has a lot of nuances, and seeing some examples of plagiarism in action can help you understand what it actually entails.

Examples of Plagiarism | Plagiarism In Different Settings (1) Two plagiarism examples that are covered in the article with red X's next to them


Examples of Plagiarism in School

Plagiarism is particularly pervasive in essays, book reports, and other written assignments at school. As sneaky as you might think you are, it’s incredibly easy to get caught copying your paper. Turnitin and other plagiarism checkers have become the norm, and even if those don’t catch anything, remember that your teacher will read your work. You’re always better off avoiding plagiarism and keeping your work original.

Here are some common examples ofplagiarism that aren't as well known:

  • Aprofessor or graduate student is expected to publish academic papers but is low on time. He finds a 10-year-old article in an obscure journal, then copies it and submits it as his own work.
  • A student quotes a large block of text from a book word-for-word in a paper. The student includes a footnote, but does not indicate in the text that the words are a direct quote.
  • You include information that should be attributed to a source as if it were your own idea. This applies to information you may know from a class, but is not common knowledge.
  • A student decides to hire an academic writing service to produce a literature review for a class. The service produces the complete paper, and the studentsubmits it as theirown work.
  • You find a paper similar to your assignment and change some wording so that it isn’t a direct copy, though the ideas, information, and/or organization are not original.
  • A student has a book report due but hasn’t read the book. Theyvisita book review website and copydirectly from several of the reviews to create theirreport.

Examples of Online Plagiarism

The internet has made sharing information extremely easy and efficient. Unfortunately, some people take advantage of that and end up stealing or copying other people’s work in some capacity. Online or digital plagiarism can be easy to do, but just because it’s on the internet does not mean you receive automatic permission to use or copy it.

Here are some typical forms of digital plagiarism:

(Video) 10 Types of Plagiarism

  • A freelance writer is assigned a topic similar to a post on his own blog. He rewords the article a bit so as not to create duplicate content, then submits it to the client.
  • A technical writer copies chunks of wording from documentation that she finds online for several products similar to the one she is writing about.
  • You want to write a blog post on a topic that you saw covered on another blog. You like the way it is organized, so you copy the headings and then fill in with your own text.
  • A website owner wants to add new content. Instead of writing articles, he copies articles from other websites and publishes them on his site with his name as the author.
  • A writer sees a fairly extensive tweet thread about trees. They copy the entire thread in an article without permission or consent.
  • You see someone else’s funny tweet and decide to tweet it out, word-for-word, through your own account.


Examples of Plagiarism in the Press

While plagiarism in school can lead to a failed grade and expulsion, plagiarizing when you’re a journalist or member of the press can lead to legal consequences and a permanent mark on your reputation that can prevent you from getting hired in the future.

Here are some examples of plagiarism that can happen in the press:

  • A writer copies a press release, word-for-word, changing only company names and personnel.
  • A journalist quotes someone but improperly cites the source.
  • Short on their deadline, a journalist simply copies an article they wrote previously and files it with minimal changes.

Examples of Plagiarism in Art and Media

Plagiarism in art and media isn’t unheard of, but it can be increasingly difficult to detect or classify. Selling a duplicate of a painting enters both plagiarism and copyright infringement territory, but is it plagiarism if a song sounds the exact same as another song except for one or two notes? Are covers of songs plagiarism?

Here are some situations that areconsidered plagiarism within art and media:

  • Someone sees an artist’s drawing online, places a filter over it, and posts it on their own account. They do not attribute the original artist, believing that adding the filter was enough to make it original.
  • You find a photo that you like, mirror it vertically, and post it as your own.
  • A musician uses part of another musician’s song without permission.

9 Famous Examples of Plagiarism

Ever since the first cave paintings, plagiarism, and its very close cousin copyright infringement, have existed, making it difficult for people to have true ownership of their original works and ideas. Here are 9 examples of famous plagiarism cases that happened in art, media, the press, and politics.

(Video) Types of Plagiarism | Effects and Causes of Plagiarism | Total Assignment Help


Jayson Blair

Jayson Blair was a storied journalist at the New York Times, but in 2003, investigations found that Blair had plagiarized dozens of articles from other journalists. What's worse is Blair had also fabricated details, which is a pretty big no-no for journalists.

David Mikkelson

David Mikkelson is the co-founder of Snopes, a popular website that is dedicated to fact-checking and myth-busting. Investigations and an internal review from Buzzfeed in 2021 found that Mikkelson had written at least 54 articles with plagiarized content, some of which were written under a pseudonym.

Original Source (NBC News)

Mikkelson’s Piece

"Muhammad Ali, the silver-tongued boxer and civil rights champion who famously proclaimed himself 'The Greatest'and then spent a lifetime living up to the billing, is dead."

"Muhammad Ali, the silver-tongued boxer and civil rights champion who famously proclaimed himself 'The Greatest'and then spent a lifetime living up to the billing, is dead."

Vanilla Ice

Robert Van Winkle, better known by his stage name Vanilla Ice, gained popularity for the song “Ice Ice Baby.” The song clearly sampled the bass line of the song “Under Pressure,” written by David Bowie and Queen. Vanilla Ice initially denied the claim, going so far as to sing some "dings" along the way.

(Video) What is Plagiarism | What Can not be Considered as Plagiarism | Explained with Examples

He has since added Queen and Bowie to the writing credits for the song, admitted he sampled the song without permission, and claims to have bought the rights to "Under Pressure" for an undisclosed amount of money.



Yes, even Queen Bey herself has been accused of plagiarism and copyright violations on multiple occasions. Much of these involve allegations of uncredited sampling, like Hungarian singer Mitsou accusing Beyoncéof using part of her song “Bajba, Bajba Pelem” in “Drunk in Love.” Most recently, singer Kelis accused Beyoncé and producer Pharrell Williams of stealing and repurposing parts of her song “Milkshake” in Bey’s new album.

Again, song sampling situations can get complicated. While Kelis might be perfectly in the right as the performer of the song “Milkshake,” Williams and his partner Chad Hugo are credited as the sole writers and producers of the song.


Speaking of, Pharrell has had plenty of his own copyright issues. In 2018, he and Robin Thicke were ordered to pay Marvin Gaye’s estate about $7 million for using Gaye’s “Got To Give It Up” in the song “Blurred Lines.”

Maureen Dowd

In 2009, Maureen Dowd, an author and New York Times columnist, was accused of plagiarizing a paragraph from a post from the blog Talking Points Memo. Dowd admitted to the plagiarism, and they corrected the column to provide attribution to the original text.

Original Source

Dowd’s piece

"More and more the timeline is raising the question of why, if the torture was to prevent terrorist attacks, it seemed to happen mainly during the period when we were looking for what was essentially political information to justify the invasion of Iraq."

"More and more the timeline is raising the question of why, if the torture was to prevent terrorist attacks, it seemed to happen mainly during the period when the Bush crowd was looking for what was essentially political information to justify the invasion of Iraq."

(Video) Times I Plagiarized


Melania Trump

At the 2016 Republican National Convention, former First Lady Melania Trump gave a speech that bore more than a passing resemblance to a speech given by Michelle Obama at the 2008 Democratic National Convention. Melania Trump’s speech used much of the same wording and messaging.

Despite initial denial from Melania Trump’s team, staff writer Meredith McIver eventually claimed responsibility for plagiarism when writing the speech.

Joe Biden

In 1987, then-Senator Joe Biden was accused of plagiarism.According to the New York Times, Biden admitted to plagiarizing an article he wrote for the Fordham Law Review in 1965 while he was attending law school. A faculty report noted that Biden had “used five pages from a published law review article without quotation or attribution,” which ultimately led to him failing the course for which he wrote the article.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

In 1991, scholars from Boston University found that Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.had plagiarized passages from his doctoral dissertation by “appropriating material from sources not explicitly credited in notes, or mistakenly credited, or credited generally and at some distance in the text from a close paraphrase or verbatim quotation.”

Despite that discovery, the committee did not consider posthumously revoking Dr. King’s doctorate, as it would serve no purpose.

(Video) Levels of Plagiarism

Alvin Park

Staff Writer


What is plagiarism in academic setting? ›

Plagiarism is presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgement. All published and unpublished material, whether in manuscript, printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition.

What is the most common example of plagiarism? ›

Paraphrasing without citation is the most common type of plagiarism.

What are the 6 types of plagiarism and how do you avoid them give examples? ›

Six common types of plagiarism in academic research
  • Paraphrasing. This is the most common type of plagiarism and is the act of the researcher or student rephrasing a text in their own words, without citing their sources. ...
  • Patchwork or mosaic. ...
  • Verbatim. ...
  • Source-based plagiarism. ...
  • Global plagiarism. ...
  • Self-plagiarism.
16 Oct 2021

What are 4 types of plagiarism? ›

The Common Types of Plagiarism
  • Direct Plagiarism. Direct plagiarism is the word-for-word transcription of a section of someone else's work, without attribution and without quotation marks. ...
  • Self Plagiarism. ...
  • Mosaic Plagiarism. ...
  • Accidental Plagiarism.

What is plagiarism give 5 examples? ›

Turning in someone else's work as your own. Copying large pieces of text from a source without citing that source. Taking passages from multiple sources, piecing them together, and turning in the work as your own. Copying from a source but changing a few words and phrases to disguise plagiarism.

Which of the following are examples of plagiarism? ›

Examples of Plagiarism
  • Direct. Plagiarism. Copying another writer's work with no attempt to acknowledge that the material was found in an external source.
  • Direct "Patchwork" Plagiarism. Copying material from several writers & rearranging with citation.
  • Insufficient Citation. of Quotes.

What is an example of plagiarism in a sentence? ›

Examples of plagiarize in a Sentence

He plagiarized a classmate's report. She plagiarized from an article she read on the Internet.

What are the 10 types of plagiarism? ›

  • CLONE: An act of submitting another s work, wordrforrword, as one s own.
  • CTRL C: A written piece that contains significant portions of text from a single source without alterations.
  • REMIX: ...
  • RECYCLE: ...
  • HYBRID: ...

What are the different 7 types of plagiarism? ›

7 types of plagiarism
  • Mosaic or patchwork plagiarism.
  • Paraphrasing plagiarism.
  • Complete plagiarism.
  • Self-plagiarism.
  • Accidental plagiarism.
  • Source-based plagiarism.
  • Direct or verbatim plagiarism.

What is plagiarism What are the common forms of student plagiarism? ›

The most common forms of student plagiarism are paraphrasing plagiarism and mosaic plagiarism. If the student paraphrases parts from another work or substitutes some words of the original content with synonymous terms and doesn't mention the source, then it will be an instance of plagiarism.

How do students plagiarize? ›

Plagiarism can take different forms including: “copy and paste” without quotes and acknowledging the source; patch-writing; providing wrong or incomplete citation or references; presenting or citing the secondary source as a primary source; ghost-writing; purloining; and contract cheating (De Jager and Brown 2010; ...

How can you avoid plagiarism examples? ›

You can avoid plagiarism by:

Keeping track of the sources you consult in your research. Paraphrasing or quoting from your sources (and adding your own ideas) Crediting the original author in an in-text citation and in your reference list. Using a plagiarism checker before you submit.

Why do students plagiarize essay? ›

Collectively, the most frequently stated reasons students choose to plagiarize or cheat include: Desire to get a good grade. Fear of failing. Procrastination or poor time management.

What is considered plagiarism in college? ›

Plagiarism is defined in the College statement on Academic Dishonesty (P 4.45) as “using the idea, data, or language of another without specific or proper acknowledgement.” All published and unpublished material, whether in printed or electronic form, is covered under this definition.

What is an example of plagiarism quizlet? ›

The following is an example of plagiarism: You see a quotation on an internet page without an author. You change a quite few words in the quote and put in your assignment without a citation. True or false.

What is accidental plagiarism? ›

Unintentional plagiarism is plagiarism that occurs when a writer fails to follow proper scholarly procedures for citation without an explicit intent to cheat. Examples of unintentional plagiarism include the failure to... cite a source that is not common knowledge. quote an author's exact words, even if documented.

Which of the following is not a plagiarism example *? ›

Which of the following is not an example of plagiarism? It is acceptable to copy-and-paste a sentence written by someone else into your paper and simply add quotation marks around it. If you forget to cite a source in your paper, that is still plagiarism.

Can I plagiarize one sentence? ›

However, there are in fact degrees of plagiarism: one can steal an entire paper, or a section of a paper, or a page, a paragraph or a sentence. Even copying phrases without credit and quotation marks can be considered plagiarism.

What is plagiarism write its types? ›

Plagiarism is presenting someone else's work, content, or ideas and present as his/her work. In other words, plagiarism is simply an act of fraud. It involves both conditions like steal someone else's work, present as their work, and lying about it afterward.

How many types of plagiarism we can classify? ›

3 types of plagiarism according to intensity. They are the Substantial Plagiarism, Minimal Plagiarism, and Complete Plagiarism.

What is the most serious type of plagiarism? ›

Essentially copying the entirety of someone's work and labelling it as your own This is the most serious type of plagiarism! "It is equivalent to intellectual theft and stealing."

How do you plagiarize a paper? ›

How to plagiarize in five easy steps (without getting caught)
  1. Add adjectives and adverbs. ...
  2. Change the order of the words a bit. ...
  3. Choose an obscure person to plagiarize. ...
  4. Say it with an accent. ...
  5. If you get caught deny, deny, deny.
19 Jul 2016

Why do students cheat on tests? ›

Some students might cheat because they have poor study skills that prevent them from keeping up with the material. Students are more likely to cheat or plagiarize if the assessment is very high-stakes or if they have low expectations of success due to perceived lack of ability or test anxiety.

What are the 7 ways you can avoid plagiarism? ›

Best Practices for Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Don't procrastinate with your research and assignments. Good research takes time. ...
  • Commit to doing your own work. If you don't understand an assignment, talk with your professor. ...
  • Be 100% scrupulous in your note taking. ...
  • Cite your sources scrupulously. ...
  • Understand good paraphrasing.

How can college students avoid plagiarism? ›

Here are some easy ways to avoid plagiarism:
  1. Use quotation marks. If you are taking something verbatim from an outside source, use quotation marks to show that it is not your original idea. ...
  2. Cite everything, even if it feels excessive. ...
  3. Use a plagiarism checker. ...
  4. Talk to your professors and advisors if you have questions.

What are signs of plagiarism? ›

Independent of knowing your students' writing, other features that may suggest a fully or partially plagiarized paper may include: Font of paper suddenly changes (suggests copy/pasting) Inconsistencies in citation format or usage. Complete lack of citations, especially for complex material/ideas.

Can you plagiarize yourself? ›

So, what is self-plagiarism? Self-plagiarism happens when you reuse your own specific wording and ideas from work that you have previously submitted. At face value, this might sound kind of silly – you're the author and you give yourself permission to use your own work.

Is it plagiarism if you change a few words? ›

Consider the following examples of paraphrasing guidelines: “Don't plagiarize. Express your own thoughts in your own words…. Note, too, that simply changing a few words here and there, or changing the order of a few words in a sentence or paragraph, is still plagiarism.

Is stealing an idea plagiarism? ›

It is called “plagiarism” when you steal or use someone else's ideas—using another's ideas or words without acknowledging them. Penalties for stealing someone's ideas, on purpose or by accident, are failing the assignment or course, or dismissal from the university.

Is it plagiarism if you paraphrase? ›

Paraphrasing without crediting the original author is a form of plagiarism, because you're presenting someone else's ideas as if they were your own. However, paraphrasing is not plagiarism if you correctly cite the source.

How does plagiarism relate to academic research? ›

Academic plagiarism occurs when a writer repeatedly uses more than four words from a printed source without the use of quotation marks and a precise reference to the original source in a work presented as the author's own research and scholarship.

Why plagiarism is considered as academic crime? ›

It is considered theft because the writer takes ideas from a source without giving proper credit to the author. It is considered fraud because the writer represents the ideas as her or his own. Plagiarism is cheating, a serious form of academic dishonesty punishable by the university.

What is plagiarism and why should it be avoided? ›

Plagiarism is a type of intellectual theft. Plagiarism can take many forms, from deliberate cheating to accidentally copying from a source without acknowledgement. Consequently, whenever you use the words or ideas of another person in your work, you must acknowledge where they came from.

How common is plagiarism in academia? ›

Plagiarism Rates

Among all surveyed students, on average across all regions, 12.2% admitted that they had ever plagiarized or used someone else's words in their academic work without proper referencing.

Is the Internet the cause of plagiarism? ›

1: It Made Plagiarism Easier

Anytime you make something easier more people will do it. However, it also shifted the reasons that people, in particular students, plagiarize. Prior to the internet and especially before word processing, plagiarism was almost as labor-intensive as producing original work.

What to say to a student who has plagiarized? ›

What to say
  • Begin your intervention with a statement. Example: ...
  • Start the conversation by asking the student a question. ...
  • After listening to the student's story, express your concerns about the assignment or work in question. ...
  • Tell the student what you're planning to do next.

What happens to students who plagiarize? ›

Plagiarism allegations can cause a student to be suspended or expelled. Their academic record can reflect the ethics offense, possibly causing the student to be barred from entering college from high school or another college. Schools, colleges, and universities take plagiarism very seriously.

Is plagiarism a form of stealing? ›

In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

What is a good rule to follow to avoid plagiarism? ›

The best rule for how to avoid plagiarism is: “When in doubt, cite.” If you're not sure whether or not you need to cite the source, cite it just in case.

Is self-plagiarism illegal? ›

While self-plagiarism is not illegal in most cases, it is frowned upon and can cause ethical issues since it is considered to be dishonest and a form of literary theft. The biggest problem with self-plagiarism is that you are misleading the audience by trying to pass off an older piece of content into new work.

Where does plagiarism usually happen? ›

Plagiarism occurs when a student copies direct phrases from a text (e.g. books, journals, and internet) and does not provide quotation marks or paraphrases or summarizes those ideas without giving credit to the author or authors.

What are the 7 ways you can avoid plagiarism? ›

Best Practices for Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Don't procrastinate with your research and assignments. Good research takes time. ...
  • Commit to doing your own work. If you don't understand an assignment, talk with your professor. ...
  • Be 100% scrupulous in your note taking. ...
  • Cite your sources scrupulously. ...
  • Understand good paraphrasing.

What are the causes of plagiarism? ›

Causes of Plagiarism
  • Students may fear failure or fear taking risks in their own work.
  • Students may have poor time-management skills or they may plan poorly for the time and effort required for research-based writing, and believe they have no choice but to plagiarize.

How do students plagiarize? ›

Follow-up interviews with some academic staff also confirmed that the common forms of plagiarism committed by students, include using quotation marks without proper acknowledgement, copy verbatim without quotes and proper acknowledgement, “copy and paste” from Internet and submitting others' work as their own.

How many students are caught plagiarizing? ›

Academic Integrity in College and Graduate School
Additional survey data from McCabe:Graduate StudentsUndergraduates*
Number Responding:~17,00071,300
% who admit cheating on tests:17%17%
% who admit cheating on written assignments:40%40%
% Total who admit written or test cheating:43%43%
7 more rows
7 Jun 2017

What is ghost writing plagiarism? ›

Ghost writing by another person is when someone else writes or produces any work (paid or unpaid) that you submit for your assessment. This is fraudulent behaviour and is serious academic misconduct. Both people can be disciplined for academic misconduct.


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